Muscle Strain Basics, Overview, Symptoms and Treatment

Muscle Strain summary

Muscle strain, muscle pull, or perhaps a muscle tear refers to wreck to a muscle or its attaching tendons. you'll be able to place undue pressure on muscles throughout the course of traditional daily activities, with explosive work, throughout sports, or whereas playing work tasks.

muscle strain

Muscle injury will be within the sort of tearing (part or all) of the muscle fibers and also the tendons connected to the muscle. The tearing of the muscle also can injury tiny blood vessels, inflicting native hurt, or bruising, and pain caused by irritation of the nerve endings within the space.

Muscle Strain Symptoms

Symptoms of muscle strain include:


  • Swelling, bruising, or redness owing to the injury
  • Pain at rest
  • Pain once the precise muscle or the joint in regard to that muscle is employed
  • Weakness of the muscle or tendons
  • Inability to use the muscle in the least

When to hunt treatment

If you've got a major muscle injury (or if home remedies bring no relief in twenty four hours), contact your doctor.

If you hear a "popping" sound with the injury, cannot walk, or there's vital swelling, pain, fever, or open cuts, you ought to be examined during a hospital's emergency department.

Exams and Tests

The doctor can take a case history and perform a physical examination. throughout the examination, it’s necessary to determine whether or not the muscle is part or utterly torn, which might involve a way longer healing method, doable surgery, and a additional sophisticated recovery.

X-rays or science laboratory tests ar typically not necessary, unless there was a history of trauma or proof of infection.

Muscle Strain Treatment Self-Care reception

The amount of swelling or native trauma into the muscle (from torn blood vessels) will best be managed early by applying ice packs and maintaining the strained muscle during a stretched position. Heat will be applied once the swelling has lessened. However, the first application of warmth will increase swelling and pain.

Note: Ice or heat mustn't be applied to reveal skin. invariably use a protecting covering like a towel between the ice or heat and also the skin.

Take NSAID medicine  like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug or Advil to cut back pain and improve your ability to maneuver around. don't take NSAIDS if you've got nephropathy or a history of gastrointestinal  hurt or if you're conjointly taking a blood dilutant like anticoagulant medication  while not 1st talking together with your doctor. therein case, it's safer to require painkiller, that helps reduce pain however doesn't scale back inflammation.

Protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation (known because the value formula) will facilitate the affected muscle. Here's how: 1st, take away all constrictive article of clothing, as well as jewellery, within the space of muscle strain. 

Then:

  1. Protect the strained muscle from more injury.
  2. Rest the strained muscle. Avoid the activities that caused the strain and different activities that area unit painful.
  3. Ice the muscle space (20 minutes each hour whereas awake). Ice could be a terribly effective medicine and pain-reliever. tiny ice packs, like packages of frozen vegetables or water frozen in foam low cups, applied to the realm might facilitate decrease inflammation.
  4. Compression is gently applied with associate Ace or different bandage, which might each offer support and reduce swelling. don't wrap tightly.
  5. Elevate the slashed space to decrease swelling. shore a strained leg muscle whereas sitting, for instance.
  6. Activities that increase muscle pain or work the affected part don't seem to be counseled till the pain has considerably improved.

Medical Treatment

Medical treatment is analogous to the treatment reception. The doctor, however, can also confirm the extent of muscle and sinew injury and if crutches or a brace is required for healing. The doctor can even confirm if you wish to limit your activity or take days off work and if rehabilitation exercises or physiotherapy area unit needed to assist you recover.

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